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What GAO Discovered

The Workplace of Administration and Price range (OMB) and Basic Companies Administration (GSA) have taken steps to steer government-wide Expertise Enterprise Administration adoption, however progress and outcomes are restricted.

  • OMB’s preliminary 2017 plans for government-wide adoption required companies to report IT spending utilizing classes within the first two layers. OMB continued to require reporting of those two layers in subsequent plans. Nonetheless, 5 years after establishing preliminary plans, OMB had not expanded on necessities to incorporate the remainder of the taxonomy—the classes in layers 3 and 4, and subcategories for all layers (see determine).

Extent That the Workplace of Administration and Price range’s (OMB) Plans Addressed Parts of the Expertise Enterprise Administration Taxonomy Model 3.0

Expertise Enterprise Administration: OMB and GSA Have to Strengthen Efforts to Lead Federal Adoption

  • OMB and GSA assisted company efforts to implement the Expertise Enterprise Administration framework by, for instance, growing implementation steering and a maturity mannequin evaluation device. Nonetheless, OMB and GSA haven’t assessed company maturity. Additional, they haven’t analyzed the standard of companies’ information reported within the first two layers.
  • OMB and GSA launched agency-reported information on the federal authorities’s IT Dashboard (layers 1 and a couple of), however didn’t disclose that about $31 billion in fiscal 12 months 2021 investments had been excluded. Additional, they haven’t analyzed inconsistencies in fiscal 12 months 2022 information, or addressed use of benchmarking that will allow spending comparisons to organizations of comparable dimension or mission.

OMB and GSA officers preserve that Expertise Enterprise Administration implementation continues to be a precedence. However, till OMB establishes documented plans and company expectations for the rest of the taxonomy, uncertainty will cloud company efforts. Additional, the persevering with absence of OMB path may forestall the federal authorities from totally reaching supposed advantages comparable to optimizing IT spending.

Why GAO Did This Examine

The federal government has confronted longstanding challenges in IT administration and spending transparency. In 2017, OMB introduced its intention to enhance insights into IT spending by way of government-wide adoption of the Expertise Enterprise Administration Council’s framework.

This framework offers a regular taxonomy that’s organized into 4 layers (price swimming pools, IT towers, services and products, and enterprise models and capabilities) supposed to point out a corporation’s complete IT spending from completely different views. These 4 layers are comprised of spending classes and subcategories.

GAO was requested to report on Expertise Enterprise Administration implementation. GAO’s goal was to determine progress OMB and GSA have made within the government-wide adoption effort. To take action, GAO analyzed and in contrast plans towards related standards, comparable to Expertise Enterprise Administration Council steering. It additionally analyzed information, as reported by companies for fiscal years 2021 and 2022, and interviewed related officers.

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